Material handling is important as it is the key to warehouse productivity. When the matters in the warehouse are being managed well, there will be an increase in efficiency and thus increase productivity. This is where MHE comes to place.

On the other hand, without MHE, it will eventually lead to poor matter treatment. Some of the poor matter treatment effects include confusion on product storing, too much walking, cluttered aisles, lack of standardisation, as well as high losses and damages.

Recently, the MH function has been undergoing significant changes in concept and implementation. Administration has been changing its view of materials treatment as the routine transfer of matters from place to place and is beginning to think of it as part of a total materials flow system. This change in thinking has come about largely as a result of new automatic handling, weighing, portioning, protecting and storaging equipment and systems that are integrated closely with automatic processing and sophisticated administration information and control systems.